Types of hacker !!
Several subgroups of the computer underground with different attitudes and aims use different terms to demarcate themselves from each other, or try to exclude some specific group with which they do not agree, they give more emphasis to a spectrum of different categories, such as white hat, grey hat, black hat and script kiddie.
A Cracker or Cracking is to “gain unauthorized access to a computer in order to commit another crime such as destroying information contained in that system”. These subgroups may also be defined by the legal status of their activities.
Types of hacker
A white hat hacker breaks security for non-malicious reasons, for instance testing their own security system.The term “white hat” in Internet slang refers to an ethical hacker. This classification also includes individuals who perform penetration tests and vulnerability assessments within a contractual agreement. Often, this type of ‘white hat’ hacker is called an ethical hacker. The International Council of Electronic Commerce Consultants, also known as the EC-Council has developed certifications, courseware, classes, and online training covering the diverse arena of Ethical Hacking.
A Black Hat Hacker is a hacker who “violates computer security for little reason beyond maliciousness or for personal gain”(Moore,2005).Black Hat Hackers are “the epitome of all that the public fears in a computer criminal”. Black Hat Hackers break into secure networks to destroy data or make the network unusable for those who are authorized to use the network. The way Black Hat Hackers choose the networks that they are going to break into is by a process that can be broken down into two parts. This is called the pre-hacking stage.
Part 1 Targeting Targeting is when the hacker determines what network to break into. The target may be of particular interest to the hacker, or the hacker may “Port Scan” a network to determine if it is vulnerable to attacks. A port is defined as “an opening through which the computer receives data via the network”. Open ports will allow a hacker to access the system.
Part 2 Research and Information Gathering It is in this stage that the hacker will visit or contact the target in some way in hopes of finding out vital information that will help them access the system. The main way that hackers get desired results from this stage is from Social Engineering, which will be explained below. Aside from Social Engineering hackers can also use a technique called Dumpster Diving. Dumpster Diving is when a hacker will literally dive into a dumpster in hopes to find documents that users have thrown away, which will help them gain access to a network.
A grey hat hacker is a combination of a Black Hat and a White Hat Hacker. A Grey Hat Hacker may surf the internet and hack into a computer system for the sole purpose of notifying the administrator that their system has been hacked, for example. Then they may offer to repair their system for a small fee.
A social status among hackers, elite is used to describe the most skilled. Newly discovered exploits will circulate among these hackers. Elite groups such as Masters of Deception conferred a kind of credibility on their members.
A script kiddie is a non-expert who breaks into computer systems by using pre-packaged automated tools written by others, usually with little understanding of the underlying concept—hence the term script (i.e. a prearranged plan or set of activities) kiddie (i.e. kid, child—an individual lacking knowledge and experience, immature).
A neophyte, “n00b”, or “newbie” is someone who is new to hacking or phreaking and has almost no knowledge or experience of the workings of technology, and hacking.
A blue hat hacker is someone outside computer security consulting firms who is used to bug test a system prior to its launch, looking for exploits so they can be closed. Microsoft also uses the term BlueHat to represent a series of security briefing events.
A hacktivist is a hacker who utilizes technology to announce a social, ideological, religious, or political message. In general, most hacktivism involves website defacement or denial-of-service attacks.
Hackers can be categorized in any way
The question we asked while watching the above picture
- Hacker type: Unskilled hackers
- Attack style: Use existing tools “as is” with no changes.
- Defensive strategy: Constantly updated negative security model (i.e., signatures) to identify known exploits.
- Hacker type: Semi-skilled hackers
- Attack style: Use existing tools, but with some “mix and match” ability.
- Defensive strategy:
- Anti automation – to identify the use of the tools, regardless of their specific functionality.
- Online updating reputation services – to automatically learn from the experience of others in a timely manner.
- Hacker type: Skilled hackers
- Attack style: Use genuine new exploits and tools
- Defensive strategy:Scanner integration to hot patch application specific vulnerabilities – even the best hacker cannot exploit a nonexisting vulnerability.
- Positive security model (i.e., profiling) that allows mitigating previously unknown threats by detecting anomalies.
- Advanced correlation engines that incorporates both positive and negative security models.
- Research team to envision, explore and analyze emerging exploits and threats.
Disclaimer : This information is just for educational purpose. If someone use in malicious activity then only he is responsible for it.